Also known as AI.
Refers to the simulation of human intelligence processes by machines, particularly computer systems. This involves the acquisition and application of knowledge, the ability to reason, to learn from experience, to comprehend complex ideas, to adapt to new situations, and to perform tasks requiring human-like intelligence. AI can be categorized into two types: Narrow AI, which is designed to perform a specific task, such as voice recognition, and General AI, which can perform any intellectual task that a human being can. Advancements in AI have led to developments in various fields such as healthcare, finance, transportation, and entertainment. However, it also poses ethical and societal challenges including job displacement and privacy issues. As of 2021, AI remains an area of active research and development.